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Related Resources About Fall Management

General Resources | Anti-Slip Footwear | Bed Mounted Transfer and Repositioning Rails | Bedside Cushions | Chair, Bed, and Toilet Alarms / Fall Detection Devices | Floors and Floorcoverings | Grab Bars | Hip Protectors | Low & Hi/Lo Beds | Restraint, Physical

Below are literature reviews and research studies focused on older people in residential long-term care settings.

General Resources
book Alvord, L.S. (2007). Falls assessment and prevention: home, hospital, and extended care. San Diego, CA:: Plural Pub.  Buy from Amazon
book American Geriatrics Society. (2010). AGS Clinical Practice Guideline: Prevention of Falls in Older Persons [online resource].
book Andersen DA, et al. (2007). Walker use, but not falls, is associated with lower physical functioning and health of residents in an assisted-living environment. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2(1), 123-37. PDF Link
book Archstone Foundation. (2004). Preventing Falls in Older Californians: State of the Art. Long Beach, CA:: Author.
book Baranzini F, et al. (2009). Fall-related injuries in a nursing home setting: is polypharmacy a risk factor?. 9(), 228. PDF Link
book Bryant MS, et al. (2009). Evaluation of a new device to prevent falls in persons with Parkinson’s disease . Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. 4(5), 357-363. PDF Link
book Burland, E.M.J. (2008). An evaluation of a fall management program in a personal care home population. Healthcare Quarterly (Toronto, Ont.). 11(3 Spec No), 137-140.
book Caffrey C. (2010). Potentially preventable emergency department visits by nursing home residents: United States, 2004. NCHS Data Brief. -(33), 1-8. PDF Link
book Chang JT, et al. (2004). Interventions for the prevention of falls in older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials. British Medical Journal. 328(7441), 680. PDF Link
book Close JC. (2001). Interdisciplinary practice in the prevention of falls--a review of working models of care. Age and Ageing. 30(Suppl 4), 8-12. PDF Link
book Col√≥n-Emeric CS, et al. (2009). Development and pilot testing of computerized order entry algorithms for geriatric problems in nursing homes. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 57(9), 1644-1653. PDF Link
book Colon-Emerick C, et al. (2006). Translating evidence-based falls prevention into clinical practice in nursing facilities: Results and lessons from a quality improvement collaborative. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 54(9), 1414-1418. PDF Link
book Cox H, et al. (2008). Educating nursing home staff on fracture prevention: a cluster randomised trial. Age and Ageing. 37(2), 167-172. PDF Link
book Evans, L.K., Cotter, V.T. (2008). Avoiding Restraints in Patients with Dementia: Understanding, prevention, and management are the keys. AJN, American Journal of Nursing. 108(3), 40-49.
book Fleming J, Brayne C. (2008). Inability to get up after falling, subsequent time on floor, and summoning help: prospective cohort study in people over 90. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 337(), a2227. PDF Link
book Gillespie, SM, Friedman, SM. (2007). Fear of falling in new long-term care enrollees. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 8(5), 307-313. PDF Link
book Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing. (20??). How to Try This: Avoiding Restraints in Older Adults with Dementia [video] . Terra Nova Films for the American Journal of Nursing.
book Haut A, et al. (2009). Evaluation of an evidence-based guidance on the reduction of physical restraints in nursing homes: a cluster-randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN34974819]. BMC Geriatrics. 9(), 42p. PDF Link
book Helfand, A.E., Finestone, A.J., Newton, R.A. (2007). Foot health training guide for long-term care personnel. Baltimore, MD:: Health Professions Press.  Buy from Amazon
book Hendrich, A. (2007). How to Try This: Predicting Patient Falls. AJN, American Journal of Nursing. 107(11), 50-58.
book Hsu, J.D., Michael, J.W., Fisk, J.R.. (2008-4th ed). AAOS atlas of orthoses and assistive devices. Philadelphia, PA:: Mosby/Elsevier.  Buy from Amazon
book Kerse N, et al. (2008). Does a functional activity programme improve function, quality of life, and falls for residents in long term care? Cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 337(), a1445. PDF Link
book Kim DS, Emerson RSW, Curtis AB. (2010). Ergonomic factors related to drop-off detection with the long cane: effects of cane tips and techniques. Human Factors. 52(3), 456-465. PDF Link
book Lockhart T, et al. (2009). Evaluation of gait characteristics and ground reaction forces in cognitively declined older adults with an emphasis on slip-induced falls. Assistive Technology: The Official Journal of RESNA. 21(4), 188-195. PDF Link
book Lord SR, Menz HB, Sherrington C. (2006). Home environment risk factors for falls in older people and the efficacy of home modifications. Age and Ageing. 35 Suppl2(), ii55-ii59. PDF Link
book McInnes, L., Gibbons, E., Chandler-Oatts, J. (2008). Clinical Practice Guideline for the Assessment and Prevention of Falls in Older People. Sigma Theta Tau International.
book Menant JC, et al. (2008). Optimizing footwear for older people at risk of falls . Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 45(8), 1167-1181. PDF Link
book Neyens JCL, et al. (2009). A multifactorial intervention for the prevention of falls in psychogeriatric nursing home patients, a randomised controlled trial (RCT). Age and Ageing. 38(2), 194-199. PDF Link
book Nordin E, et al. (2008). Prognostic validity of the Timed Up-and-Go test, a modified Get-Up-and-Go test, staffs global judgement and fall history in evaluating fall risk in residential care facilities. Age and Ageing. 37(4), 442-448. PDF Link
book Ray, W.A., et al. (2005). Prevention of fall-related injuries in long-term care: a randomized controlled trial of staff education. Archives of Internal Medicine. 165(19), 2293-2298. PDF Link
book Robertson, L. (2008). Balance and Falls [CE web resource]. Comptche, CA: Wild Iris Medical Education.
book Rubenstein LZ. (2006). Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk factors and strategies for prevention. Age and Ageing. 35(Suppl 2), ii37-ii41. PDF Link
book Scott V, et al. (2007). Multifactorial and functional mobility assessment tools for fall risk among older adults in community, home, support, long-term and acute care settings. Age and Ageing. 36(2), 130-139. PDF Link
book Stankus, T. (2009). Accidental Falls & Fall Prevention: A Brief Overview of Factors Inspired by an Excellent Presentation by Nurses from the Veterans Health Care System of the Ozarks in Fayetteville, Arkansas. SLA Biomedical & Life Sciences Division Blog.
book Takazawa K, Arisawa K. (2005). Relationship between the type of urinary incontinence and falls among frail elderly women in Japan. The Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI. 52(3-4), 165-171. PDF Link
book Taylor, J.A., et al. (2005). The Falls Management Program: A Quality Improvement Initiative for Nursing Facilities [website]. Atlanta, GA:: Center for Health in Aging and the Emory University Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Dept. of Medicine.
book Tideiksaar R. (2010). Falls in Older People : Prevention & Management, Fourth Ed. (Essential Falls Management) [Paperback] . Baltimore, MD: Health Professions Press.  Buy from Amazon
book Tideiksaar, R. (2006). Avoiding falls : a guidebook for certified nursing assistants. Clifton Park, NY:: Thomson Delmar Learning.  Buy from Amazon
book United States Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for Patient Safety. (2009). National Center for Patient Safety 2004 Falls Toolkit [website]. Ann Arbor, MI:: Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for Patient Safety.
book University of Southern California, Andrus Gerontology Center. (2005). Fall Prevention Center of Excellence [website]. Los Angeles, CA:: University of Southern California, Andrus Gerontology Center.
book US Food and Drug Administration. (2009). Learn if a medical device has been cleared by FDA for marketing. Author.
Anti-Slip FootwearProduct List
book Sherrington C, Menz H B. (2003). An evaluation of footwear worn at the time of fall-related hip fracture. Age & Ageing. 32(3), 310-314. PDF Link
Bed Mounted Transfer and Repositioning RailsProduct List
book U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2009). Practice Hospital Bed Safety.  PDF Link
book U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2010). Hospital Beds. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Bedside CushionsProduct List
book U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2010). Hospital Beds. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Chair, Bed, and Toilet Alarms / Fall Detection DevicesProduct List
book Bunch, J. (2005). On the uses of bed alarms. Nursing Homes Long Term Care Management. 54(6), 50+.
book Capezuti E, et al. (2009). Bed-exit alarm effectiveness. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 49(1), 27-31. PDF Link
book Oliver D, et al. (2007 January 13). Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 334(7584), 82. PDF Link
book Taube, D. (2007). Restraint reduction: a success story. Nursing Homes Long Term Care Management. 56(9), 56+.
book Vickery, K. (2005). Providers bring technology to the table. Provider. 31(3), 20+. PDF Link
Grab BarsProduct List
book Chang HJ, et al. (2010). JAMA patient page. Falls and older adults . JAMA: journal of the American Medical Association. 303(3), 288. PDF Link
Hip ProtectorsProduct List
book Bentzen H, et al. (2008). Uptake and adherence with soft- and hard-shelled hip protectors in Norwegian nursing homes: a cluster randomised trial. Osteoporosis International: A Journal Established as a Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA. 19(1), 101-111. PDF Link
book Colon-Emeric CS, Datta SK, Matchar DB. (2003). An economic analysis of external hip protector use in ambulatory nursing facility residents. Age & Ageing. 32(1), 47-52. PDF Link
book Duque G, et al. (2010). Treatment for osteoporosis in Australian residential aged care facilities: consensus recommendations for fracture prevention. The Medical Journal of Australia. 193(3), 173-179. PDF Link
book Forsen L, et al. (2004). Compliance with external hip protectors in nursing homes in Norway. Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society of Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention. 10(6), 344-349. PDF Link
book Forsen L, et al. (2004). Risk of hip fracture in protected and unprotected falls in nursing homes in Norway. Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention. 10(1), 16-20. PDF Link
book Harada A, et al. (2001). Hip fracture prevention trial using hip protectors in Japanese nursing homes. Osteoporosis International. 12(3), 215-221. PDF Link
book Haralambous B, et al. (2010). A protocol for an individualised, facilitated and sustainable approach to implementing current evidence in preventing falls in residential aged care facilities. BMC Geriatrics. 10(), 8. PDF Link
book Kannus P, et al. (2000). Prevention of hip fracture in elderly people with use of a hip protector. New England Journal of Medicine. 343(21), 1506-1513. PDF Link
book Kiel D, et al. (2007). Efficacy of a hip protector to prevent hip fracture in nursing home residents. JAMA. 298(), 413-422. PDF Link
book Koike T, et al. (2009). External hip protectors are effective for the elderly with higher-than-average risk factors for hip fractures . Osteoporosis International. 20(9), 1613-1620. PDF Link
book Kumar BA, Parker MJ. (2000). Are hip protectors cost effective?. Injury. 31(9), 693-695. PDF Link
book OHalloran PD, et al. (2004). A cluster randomised controlled trial to evaluate a policy of making hip protectors available to residents of nursing homes. Age and Ageing. 33(6), 582-588. PDF Link
book Oliver D, et al. (2007 January 13). Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 334(7584), 82. PDF Link
book Parker, M. J., Gillespie, L. D., Gillespie, W. J. (2004). Hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in the elderly. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3(), CD001255.
book Sawka AM, et al. (2007). Could a policy of provision of hip protectors to elderly nursing home residents result in cost savings in acute hip fracture care? The case of Ontario, Canada. Osteoporosis International. 18(6), 819-27. PDF Link
book Sawka AM, et al. (2005). Do hip protectors decrease the risk of hip fracture in institutional- and community-dwelling elderly? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Osteoporosis International. 16(2), 1461-74. PDF Link
book Thompson P, et al. (2005). An in-service evaluation of hip protector use in residential homes. Age and Ageing. 34(1), 52-56. PDF Link
book van Schoor NM, et al. (2003). Prevention of hip fractures by external hip protectors: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association. 289(15), 1957-1962. PDF Link
book Waldegger L, et al. (2003). Cost-effectiveness of hip protectors in institutional dwelling elderly. Osteoporosis International. 14(3), 243-250. PDF Link
Low & Hi/Lo BedsProduct List
book Haralambous B, et al. (2010). A protocol for an individualised, facilitated and sustainable approach to implementing current evidence in preventing falls in residential aged care facilities. BMC Geriatrics. 10(), 8. PDF Link
Floors and Floorcoverings
book Simpson AHRW, et al. (2004). Does the type of flooring affect the risk of hip fracture?. Age and Ageing. 33(3), 242-246. PDF Link
Restraint, Physical
book Cotter VT. (2005). Restraint free care in older adults with dementia. The Keio Journal of Medicine. 54(2), 80-84. PDF Link
book Mamun K, Lim J. (2005). Use of physical restraints in nursing homes: current practice in Singapore. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore. 34(2), 158-162. PDF Link
book Oliver D, et al. (2007 January 13). Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 334(7584), 82. PDF Link

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